Login
Sign Up
Quick Start
ABOUT GRENADA

The term Commonwealth Caribbean is used to refer to the independent English-speaking countries of the Caribbean region.

 

Upon a country's full independence from the United Kingdom, Anglophone Caribbean or Commonwealth Caribbean traditionally becomes the preferred sub-regional term as a replacement to British West Indies.[1]

 

TERRITORIES

The independent island-nations that are considered as Commonwealth Caribbean include:

·        https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/89/Flag_of_Antigua_and_Barbuda.svg/23px-Flag_of_Antigua_and_Barbuda.svg.png Antigua and Barbuda

·        https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/93/Flag_of_the_Bahamas.svg/23px-Flag_of_the_Bahamas.svg.png The Bahamas

·        https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/ef/Flag_of_Barbados.svg/23px-Flag_of_Barbados.svg.png Barbados

·        https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/c/c4/Flag_of_Dominica.svg/23px-Flag_of_Dominica.svg.png Dominica

·        https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/b/bc/Flag_of_Grenada.svg/23px-Flag_of_Grenada.svg.png Grenada

·        https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0a/Flag_of_Jamaica.svg/23px-Flag_of_Jamaica.svg.png Jamaica

·        https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fe/Flag_of_Saint_Kitts_and_Nevis.svg/23px-Flag_of_Saint_Kitts_and_Nevis.svg.png Saint Kitts and Nevis

·        https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9f/Flag_of_Saint_Lucia.svg/23px-Flag_of_Saint_Lucia.svg.png Saint Lucia

·        https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/6d/Flag_of_Saint_Vincent_and_the_Grenadines.svg/23px-Flag_of_Saint_Vincent_and_the_Grenadines.svg.png Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

·        https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/64/Flag_of_Trinidad_and_Tobago.svg/23px-Flag_of_Trinidad_and_Tobago.svg.png Trinidad and Tobago

 

Anglophone Caribbean also refers to the independent English-speaking countries known as the "Mainland Caribbean". These include:

·        https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e7/Flag_of_Belize.svg/23px-Flag_of_Belize.svg.png Belize, once known as British Honduras.

·        https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/99/Flag_of_Guyana.svg/23px-Flag_of_Guyana.svg.png Guyana, once known as British Guiana.

 

 

The Anglophone Caribbean makes up a composite cricket team. The West Indies cricket team also includes Guyana, as another former British colony. Bermuda, the U.S. and British Virgin Islands, and the English-speaking Dutch West Indies also participate in Anglophone Caribbean-related sports activities such as 20/20 Cricket.

 

1 CURRENCY

East Caribbean dollars (XCD) per US dollar -

2.7 (2015 est.)

2.7 (2014 est.)

2.7 (2013 est.)

2.7 (2012 est.)

2.7 (2011 est.)

 

 

2 ECONOMY & GOVERNMENT

Grenada relies on tourism as its main source of foreign exchange especially since the construction of an international airport in 1985. Strong performances in construction and manufacturing, together with the development of tourism and higher education - especially in medicine - contributed to growth in national output; however, economic growth remained stagnant in 2010-14, after a sizable contraction in 2009, because of the global economic slowdown's effects on tourism and remittances. Gross national saving – and wealth – has been declining since 2010.

Hurricanes Ivan (2004) and Emily (2005) severely damaged the agricultural sector - particularly nutmeg and cocoa cultivation - which had been a key driver of economic growth. Grenada has rebounded from the devastating effects of the hurricanes but is now saddled with the debt burden from the rebuilding process. Public debt-to-GDP is about 110%, leaving the MITCHELL administration limited room to engage in public investments and social spending. MITCHELL in 2013 announced a structural adjustment program that includes a plan to increase tax revenue.

 

Deputy Prime Minister

 

Education Minister:

 

 

 


3 POPULATION

·       110,694 (July 2015 est.)

Capital City:

·    SAINT GEORGE'S (capital) 38,000 (2014)

·    UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)

4 OFFICIAL LANGUAGE

·       English (official), French patois

5 POLITICS & GOVT (Cabinet)

GOVERNMENT:

·       parliamentary democracy (Parliament); a Commonwealth realm

INDEPENDENCE:

·    7 February 1974 (from the UK)

CONSTITUTION:

·    previous 1967; latest presented 19 December 1973, effective 7 February 1974, suspended 1979 following a revolution, but restored in 1983; amended 1991 (Constitutional Judicature Act, 1991); note - in late 2015, as part of constitutional reform, Parliament completed its first reading of a package of amendments (2016)

LEGAL SYSTEM:

·    common law based on English model

INTERNATIONAL LAW ORGANIZATION PARTICIPATION:

·    has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdiction

EXECUTIVE BRANCH:

chief of state: 

·       Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Cecile LA GRENADE (since 7 May 2013)

head of government: 

 

·    Prime Minister Keith MITCHELL (since 20 February 2013)

 

cabinet: 

 

·    Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister

 

elections/appointments: 

 

·       the monarchy is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or majority coalition usually appointed prime minister by the governor general

 

INTERNATIONAL DISPUTES:

 

·    NONE

 

ILLICIT DRUGS:

 

·    small-scale cannabis cultivation; lesser transshipment point for marijuana and cocaine to US

 

 

Diplomatic representation in the US:https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/graphics/field_listing_on.gif

chief of mission: Ambassador Ethelstan A. FRIDAY (since 3 September 2013)

chancery: 1701 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20009

telephone: [1] (202) 265-2561

FAX: [1] (202) 265-2468

consulate(s) general: Miami

 

Diplomatic representation from the US:

 

chief of mission: the US does not have an embassy in Grenada; the US Ambassador to Barbados is accredited to Grenada

embassy: Lance-aux-Epines Stretch, Saint George's

mailing address: P. O. Box 54, Saint George's

telephone: [1] (473) 444-1173 through 1176

FAX: [1] (473) 444-4820

 

6 BRITISH HIGH COMMISSION

7 SOVEREIGNTY

8 EDUCATION

Expenditures:https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/graphics/field_listing_on.gif

 

country comparison to the world: 

EDUCATION MINISTER:

 

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/graphics/field_listing_on.gif

total: 16 years

male: 15 years

female: 16 years (2009)

 

 

 

 

 

9 COMMUNICATIONS & MEDIA

Telephones - fixed lines:https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/graphics/field_listing_on.gif

total subscriptions: 28,600

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 26 (2014 est.)

country comparison to the world: 174

Telephones - mobile cellular:https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/graphics/field_listing_on.gif

total: 134,500

subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 122 (2014 est.)

country comparison to the world: 186

Telephone system:https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/graphics/field_listing_on.gif

general assessment: automatic, island-wide telephone system

domestic: interisland VHF and UHF radiotelephone links

international: country code - 1-473; landing point for the East Caribbean Fiber Optic System (ECFS) submarine cable with links to 13 other islands in the eastern Caribbean extending from the British Virgin Islands to Trinidad; SHF radiotelephone links to Trinidad and Tobago and Saint Vincent; VHF and UHF radio links to Trinidad (2009)

Broadcast media:https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/graphics/field_listing_on.gif

the Grenada Broadcasting Network, jointly owned by the government and the Caribbean Communications Network of Trinidad and Tobago, operates a TV station and 2 radio stations; multi-channel cable TV subscription service is available; a dozen private radio stations also broadcast (2007)

Radio broadcast stations:https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/graphics/field_listing_on.gif

AM 2, FM 12, shortwave 0 (2009)

Television broadcast stations:https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/graphics/field_listing_on.gif

2 (2009)

Internet country code:https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/graphics/field_listing_on.gif

.gd

Internet hosts:https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/graphics/field_listing_on.gif

80 (2012)

country comparison to the world: 212

Internet users:https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/graphics/field_listing_on.gif

total: 49,600

percent of population: 45.1% (2014 est.)

country comparison to the world: 183

 

10 GENERAL

Carib Indians inhabited Grenada when Christopher COLUMBUS discovered the island in 1498, but it remained uncolonized for more than a century.

The French settled Grenada in the 17th century, established sugar estates, and imported large numbers of African slaves. Britain took the island in 1762 and vigorously expanded sugar production.

In the 19th century, cacao eventually surpassed sugar as the main export crop; in the 20th century, nutmeg became the leading export. In 1967, Britain gave Grenada autonomy over its internal affairs. Full independence was attained in 1974 making Grenada one of the smallest independent countries in the Western Hemisphere.

Grenada was seized by a Marxist military council on 19 October 1983. Six days later the island was invaded by US forces and those of six other Caribbean nations, which quickly captured the ringleaders and their hundreds of Cuban advisers. Free elections were reinstituted the following year and have continued since then.

Location:https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/graphics/field_listing_on.gif

Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago

Geographic coordinates:https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/graphics/field_listing_on.gif

12 07 N, 61 40 W

Map references:https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/graphics/field_listing_on.gif

Central America and the Caribbean

Area:https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/graphics/field_listing_on.gif

total: 344 sq km

land: 344 sq km

water: 0 sq km

country comparison to the world: 207

Area - comparative:https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/graphics/field_listing_on.gif

twice the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries:https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/graphics/field_listing_on.gif

0 km

Coastline:https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/graphics/field_listing_on.gif

121 km

Maritime claims:https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/graphics/field_listing_on.gif

territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

Climate:https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/graphics/field_listing_on.gif

tropical; tempered by northeast trade winds

Terrain:https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/graphics/field_listing_on.gif

volcanic in origin with central mountains

Elevation:https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/graphics/field_listing_on.gif

mean elevation: NA

elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m

highest point: Mount Saint Catherine 840 m

Natural resources:https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/graphics/field_listing_on.gif

timber, tropical fruit, deepwater harbors

Land use:https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/graphics/field_listing_on.gif

agricultural land: 32.3%

arable land 8.8%; permanent crops 20.6%; permanent pasture 2.9%

forest: 50%

other: 17.7% (2011 est.)

Irrigated land:https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/graphics/field_listing_on.gif

20 sq km (2012)

Total renewable water resources:https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/graphics/field_listing_on.gif

NA

Natural hazards:https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/graphics/field_listing_on.gif

lies on edge of hurricane belt; hurricane season lasts from June to November

Environment - current issues:https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/graphics/field_listing_on.gif

NA

Environment - international agreements:https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/graphics/field_listing_on.gif

party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling

signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/graphics/field_listing_on.gif

the administration of the islands of the Grenadines group is divided between Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Grenada

 

NATIONAL ANTHEM

name: "Hail Grenada"

lyrics/music: Irva Merle BAPTISTE/Louis Arnold MASANTO

noteadopted 1974

 

“Hail Grenada”

https://youtu.be/rcsktFQs-Qw