Grenada, a spectacular Caribbean island nation consisting of a main island and several smaller islands, it is located between the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean and is found north of Trinidad and Tobago.
Mainland Granada has numerous nutmeg plantations and is nicknamed the “Spice Isle.” Its Capital city, St. George’s, displays wonderful colourful homes, Georgian buildings and the early 18th century Fort George that overlooks the narrow Carenage Harbour.
The climate of Grenada is tropical and tempered by northeast trade winds. Located on the edge of the hurricane belt, Grenada’s hurricane season runs from June to November. The terrain is of volcanic origin with central mountains.
Grenada is a sovereign, independent nation governing its citizens as a parliamentary democracy (Parliament) within a Commonwealth realm. In 1967, Britain gave Grenada autonomy over its internal affairs. Grenada achieved full independence from the UK on 7 February 1974, making it one of the smallest independent countries in the Western Hemisphere.
Grenada’s Ministers govern with a common law based system according to an English model under the exceptional leadership of Prime Minister Keith Mitchell. Within this system, the monarchy is hereditary whereby the governor general is appointed by the monarch. Then, following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or majority coalition usually is appointed prime minister by the governor general. The official language of Grenada is English. Other language heard on the island is French patois.
Military conflict occurred briefly in 1983 when Grenada was seized by a Marxist military council on 19 October of that year. Six days later the island was invaded by US forces along with troops of six other Caribbean nations who quickly captured the offenders and their Cuban advisors. Free elections were reinstituted the following year and have continued since then.
Presently, Grenada relies on tourism as its main source of foreign exchange which has an escalated activity level in this regard since the construction of an international airport in 1985. Strong performances in construction and manufacturing, together with the development of tourism and higher education now serve to support a population estimated to be at around 105,897 residents.
Key aspects of Grenada’s agricultural economy relating to nutmeg and cocoa cultivation were devastatingly impacted by hurricanes Ivan in 2004 and Emily in 2005. Grenada has slowly rebounded from the overwhelming effects of the hurricanes but still struggles with debt incurred from the rebuilding processes as it looks to this driver of ongoing economic growth. The currency of Grenada is the Grenada East Caribbean dollars, coded the EC$.
Education in Grenada plays a key role. Much information can be found at the Ministry of Education/Grenada Facebook site https://www.facebook.com/moegrenada/
A strong statement of commitment to education can be found on the “Minister of Education Grenada website” as well at http://www.moegrenada.org . The statement from the
Minister for Education & Human Resource Development, The
Education Minister, The Honourable Anthony Boatswain is his confirmation to his mission as follows: “As Minister with responsibility for Education and Human Resource Development, I am charged with the leadership of a varied, adequate and comprehensive education system, characterised by excellence together with the promotion of an educated Grenadian population through the establishment of educational institutions which will foster the spiritual, cultural, moral, intellectual, physical, social and economic development of our people.”
Upon a country's full independence from the United Kingdom, Anglophone Caribbean or Commonwealth Caribbean traditionally becomes the preferred sub-regional term as a replacement to British West Indies.
The independent island-nations that are considered as Commonwealth Caribbean include:
Anglophone Caribbean also refers to the independent English-speaking countries known as the "Mainland Caribbean". These include:
The Anglophone Caribbean makes up a composite cricket team. The West Indies cricket team also includes Guyana, as another former British colony. Bermuda, the U.S. and British Virgin Islands, and the English-speaking Dutch West Indies also participate in Anglophone Caribbean-related sports activities such as 20/20 Cricket.
East Caribbean dollars (XCD) per US dollar -
2.7 (2015 est.)
2.7 (2014 est.)
2.7 (2013 est.)
2.7 (2012 est.)
2.7 (2011 est.)
2 ECONOMY & GOVERNMENT
Grenada relies on tourism as its main source of foreign exchange especially since the construction of an international airport in 1985. Strong performances in construction and manufacturing, together with the development of tourism and higher education - especially in medicine - contributed to growth in national output; however, economic growth remained stagnant in 2010-14, after a sizable contraction in 2009, because of the global economic slowdown's effects on tourism and remittances. Gross national saving – and wealth – has been declining since 2010.
Hurricanes Ivan (2004) and Emily (2005) severely damaged the agricultural sector - particularly nutmeg and cocoa cultivation - which had been a key driver of economic growth. Grenada has rebounded from the devastating effects of the hurricanes but is now saddled with the debt burden from the rebuilding process. Public debt-to-GDP is about 110%, leaving the MITCHELL administration limited room to engage in public investments and social spending. MITCHELL in 2013 announced a structural adjustment program that includes a plan to increase tax revenue.
Deputy Prime Minister
· 110,694 (July 2015 est.)
· SAINT GEORGE'S (capital) 38,000 (2014)
· UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
4 OFFICIAL LANGUAGE
· English (official), French patois
5 POLITICS & GOVT (Cabinet)
· parliamentary democracy (Parliament); a Commonwealth realm
· 7 February 1974 (from the UK)
· previous 1967; latest presented 19 December 1973, effective 7 February 1974, suspended 1979 following a revolution, but restored in 1983; amended 1991 (Constitutional Judicature Act, 1991); note - in late 2015, as part of constitutional reform, Parliament completed its first reading of a package of amendments (2016)
· common law based on English model
INTERNATIONAL LAW ORGANIZATION PARTICIPATION:
· has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdiction
chief of state:
· Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Cecile LA GRENADE (since 7 May 2013)
head of government:
· Prime Minister Keith MITCHELL (since 20 February 2013)
· Cabinet appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister
· the monarchy is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or majority coalition usually appointed prime minister by the governor general
· small-scale cannabis cultivation; lesser transshipment point for marijuana and cocaine to US
chief of mission: Ambassador Ethelstan A. FRIDAY (since 3 September 2013)
chancery: 1701 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20009
telephone:  (202) 265-2561
FAX:  (202) 265-2468
consulate(s) general: Miami
chief of mission: the US does not have an embassy in Grenada; the US Ambassador to Barbados is accredited to Grenada
embassy: Lance-aux-Epines Stretch, Saint George's
mailing address: P. O. Box 54, Saint George's
telephone:  (473) 444-1173 through 1176
FAX:  (473) 444-4820
6 BRITISH HIGH COMMISSION
country comparison to the world:
total: 16 years
male: 15 years
female: 16 years (2009)
9 COMMUNICATIONS & MEDIA
total subscriptions: 28,600
subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 26 (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 174
subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 122 (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 186
general assessment: automatic, island-wide telephone system
domestic: interisland VHF and UHF radiotelephone links
international: country code - 1-473; landing point for the East Caribbean Fiber Optic System (ECFS) submarine cable with links to 13 other islands in the eastern Caribbean extending from the British Virgin Islands to Trinidad; SHF radiotelephone links to Trinidad and Tobago and Saint Vincent; VHF and UHF radio links to Trinidad (2009)
the Grenada Broadcasting Network, jointly owned by the government and the Caribbean Communications Network of Trinidad and Tobago, operates a TV station and 2 radio stations; multi-channel cable TV subscription service is available; a dozen private radio stations also broadcast (2007)
AM 2, FM 12, shortwave 0 (2009)
country comparison to the world: 212
percent of population: 45.1% (2014 est.)
country comparison to the world: 183
Carib Indians inhabited Grenada when Christopher COLUMBUS discovered the island in 1498, but it remained uncolonized for more than a century.
The French settled Grenada in the 17th century, established sugar estates, and imported large numbers of African slaves. Britain took the island in 1762 and vigorously expanded sugar production.
In the 19th century, cacao eventually surpassed sugar as the main export crop; in the 20th century, nutmeg became the leading export. In 1967, Britain gave Grenada autonomy over its internal affairs. Full independence was attained in 1974 making Grenada one of the smallest independent countries in the Western Hemisphere.
Grenada was seized by a Marxist military council on 19 October 1983. Six days later the island was invaded by US forces and those of six other Caribbean nations, which quickly captured the ringleaders and their hundreds of Cuban advisers. Free elections were reinstituted the following year and have continued since then.
Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago
12 07 N, 61 40 W
Central America and the Caribbean
total: 344 sq km
land: 344 sq km
water: 0 sq km
country comparison to the world: 207
twice the size of Washington, DC
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
tropical; tempered by northeast trade winds
volcanic in origin with central mountains
mean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Mount Saint Catherine 840 m
timber, tropical fruit, deepwater harbors
agricultural land: 32.3%
arable land 8.8%; permanent crops 20.6%; permanent pasture 2.9%
other: 17.7% (2011 est.)
20 sq km (2012)
lies on edge of hurricane belt; hurricane season lasts from June to November
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
the administration of the islands of the Grenadines group is divided between Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Grenada
name: "Hail Grenada"
lyrics/music: Irva Merle BAPTISTE/Louis Arnold MASANTO
note: adopted 1974